Rublev subverts the usual narrative of the scene by removing Abraham and Sarah altogether from the picture; instead, he focuses only on the mystery of the Holy Trinity, and its presence as angels; evoking the mystery of faith itself.
The Three Angels: The three angels are viewed as an icon of the Holy Trinity – the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit (classically represented as an old bearded man, Jesus Christ and a dove) represent the embodiment of spiritual peace, harmony, unity, modesty and reciprocal love. The angel on the left portrays the Father; in the middle, the Son, and on the right the Holy Spirit, is perhaps the most common perspective, reading from the left to the right.
The cup on the table: the cup symbolizes the mystery of the Eucharist.
The Calf: signifies the death of Jesus on the cross, and being served as food (the ‘body’) correlates to the Eucharist.
In the background is a building (presumably Abraham’s house which represents a place of eternal salvation), a tree (the Oak of Mamre which represents the Tree of Life), and a mountain (which represents Mount Moriah).
There is an absence of movement and action in the scene. All three characters have identical features, clothing and expression; they seem to gaze into forever, peacefully;
The iconography reveals an ideal expression of God without God being depicted – we are in His presence, but we do not see Him; we do not understand Him. God is omnipresent, in every moment.
A very simple composition; unifying symmetry; the figures are organized so that the lines of their bodies form a complete circle;
Delicate application of colour, use of orange and gold tones creating warmth and luminosity that enhances its spiritual resonance; their clothes, from right to left, vary from the green and blue of the earth and sky, to the redeeming colours of blue, red and gold;
The angels are spiritually peaceful, and their gazes rest/speak of a intangible world; unworldly, they visit earth from another dimension; it is an ethereal presence;