louvre museum

Location: Paris, France
Type of Art:
○ Egyptian Antiquities;
○ Near Eastern Antiquities;
○ Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities;
○ Islamic Art;
○ Sculpture;
○ Decorative Arts;
○ European Painting.
Website: www.louvre.fr

summary

the louvre museum, widely considered one of the greatest museums in the world, has a vast collection of masterpieces across cultures and time, spanning from antiquity to the 19th century. Besides its extensive and inclusive collection, the museum is also admired by its unique architecture, which combines the old and the new.

 

The Louvre Museum, the world’s largest art museum, a historic monument in Paris, and since 2019 that it has become the world’s most visited museum in the world, holds one of the most significant art collections in the world. Housed in the Louvre Palace, the former royal residence, it began to display the royal collection when Louis XIV moved to the Palace of Versailles. Later, it began as a museum with this Royal collection, opening to the public freely three days a week, on the 10 August 1793 (the first anniversary after the end of the monarchy). The collection grew through various military campaigns under the leadership of Napoleon I. During the 1800’s, further acquisitions were carried out of Spanish and Dutch artworks, greatly enlarging the collection. Today the museum houses over 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century, exhibited over a large area which totalizes about 72,735 square meters. With a great variety of mediums, varying from sculptures, objets d’art, paintings, drawings, and archaeological pieces, there are over 60,600 square metres dedicated to the permanent collection alone. The collection is organized according to eight departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings and lastly Prints and Drawings. Each department is housed in its own area at the museum. The museum houses some of the most notorious works in the world including the Venus de Milo (2nd century BC) and the Mona Lisa (c. 1503-1506). Other significant works include sculptures of Canova and by Michelangelo, numerous paintings by Vermeer (1632-1675), Raphael (1483-1520), Géricault (1791-1824) and Ingres (1780-1867), and some Egyptian masterpieces, such as the Fayum Mummy Portraits (1st-2nd century AD) or the Seated Scribe (2600-2350). The architecture of the space itself is also worth noting, especially the Daru staircases and the glass pyramids, which were designed by Chinese-American architect I. M. Pei (the main larger pyramid serves as the entrance to the museum).

Museum Entrance

Daru Staircases

analyzed works

analyzed works

Venus de Milo (130-100 BC)

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Winged Victory of Samothrace (2nd century BC)

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Mona Lisa (c.1503-06), Leonardo da Vinci

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other significant works

Discovery: Relief from the m wall (K door) of king Sargon II’s palace at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq)
Title: Lamassu (Human Headed Winged Bull)
Date: c. 716-713 BC
Medium: Gypsum alabaster
Dimensions: 420 x 436 x 97 cm
Place in the Museum: Richelieu wing; Ground floor; Mesopotamia, Assyria, Khorsabad; Room 229

Artist: Bourgogne
Title: Saint Michael Slaying the Dragon
Date: 112th century
Image Credits: CC BY-SA, by Neuceu

Title: L’Européenne (Fayum Portraits)
Date: 100-150 AD
Medium: Cedar wood, encaustic painting and gold
Dimensions: 42 x 24 cm

Artist: Antonio Canova
Title: Psyche Revived by Cupid’s Kiss
Date: 1787-1793
Medium: Marble
Dimensions: 155 x 168 x 101 cm

Artist: Michelangelo
Title: Slaves
Date: c. 1513-1515
Medium: Marble
Dimensions: (H) 209 cm
Place in the Museum: Denon wing; Ground floor; Michelangelo gallery; Room 403
Image Credits: CC BY-SA, by Jörg Bittner Unna

Artist: Giotto di Bondone
Title: Saint Francis of Assissi Receiving the Stigma
Date: c. 1300
Medium: Tempera
Dimensions: 313 x 163 cm
Place in the Museum: Denon wing; Ground floor; Salon Carré; Room 708

Artist: Raphael
Title: Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione
Date: c. 1514-1515

Dimensions: 82 x 67 cm
Place in the Museum: Denon wing; Ground floor; Grande Galerie; Room 710, 712, 716

Artist: Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo
Title: L’Infante Marie-Marguerite de Habsbourg
Date: 1653
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 70 x 59 cm

Artist: Johannes Vermeer
Title: The Lacemaker
Date: c. 1664
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 24 x 21 cm
Place in the Museum: Richelieu wing; 2nd floor; Holland, second half of the 17th century; Room 837

Artist: Théodore Géricault
Title: The Raft of the Medusa
Date: 1818-1819
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 491 x 716 cm
Place in the Museum: Denon wing; Ground floor; Mollien; Room 700

Artist: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Title: La Baigneuse Valpinçon
Date: 1808
Medium: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 146 x 97 cm
Place in the Museum: Sully Wing; 2nd floor; Ingres; Room 940

Discovery: Saqqara, Egypt
Title: The Seated Scribe
Date: 2600-2350 (4th or 5th Dynasty, Old Kingdom)
Medium: Painted limestone, eyes encrusted with rock crystal in copper
Dimensions: 53.7 x 44 x 35 cm
Place in the Museum: Sully Wing; Ground floor; Old Kingdom; Room 632; Vitrine 10
Image Credits: Rama

database

Madonna and Child with Saint Anne (c. 1503-1519), Leonardo da Vinci

La Belle Ferronnière (1490s), Leonardo da Vinci

Self-portrait at the Age of 21 (1493), Albrecht Dürer

Portrait of an Old Man with a Beard (1638), Rembrandt

The Philosopher in Meditation (1632), Rembrandt

full list of works

analyzed

database

○ Madonna and Child with Saint Anne (c. 1503-1519), Leonardo da Vinci

○ La Belle Ferronnière (1490s), Leonardo da Vinci

○ Self-portrait of the Artist Holding a Thistle (1493), Albrecht Dürer

○ Portrait of an Old Man with a Beard (1638), Rembrandt

○ The Philosopher in Meditation (1632), Rembrandt